Although immunotherapy (IO) has changed the paradigm for the treatment of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancers (aNSCLC), only around 30% to 50% of treated patients experience a long-term benefit from IO. Furthermore, the identification of the 30 to 50% of patients who respond remains a major challenge, as programmed Death-Ligand 1 (PD-L1) is currently the only biomarker used to predict the outcome of IO in NSCLC patients despite its limited efficacy. Considering the dynamic complexity of the immune system-tumor microenvironment (TME) and its interaction with the host's and patient's behavior, it is unlikely that a single biomarker will accurately predict a patient's outcomes. In this scenario, Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) are becoming essential to the development of powerful decision-making tools that are able to deal with this high-complexity and provide individualized predictions to better match treatments to individual patients and thus improve patient outcomes and reduce the economic burden of aNSCLC on healthcare systems.
I3LUNG is an international, multicenter, retrospective and prospective, observational study of patients with aNSCLC treated with IO, entirely funded by European Union (EU) under the Horizon 2020 (H2020) program. Using AI-based tools, the aim of this study is to promote individualized treatment in aNSCLC, with the goals of improving survival and quality of life, minimizing or preventing undue toxicity and promoting efficient resource allocation. The final objective of the project is the construction of a novel, integrated, AI-assisted data storage and elaboration platform to guide IO administration in aNSCLC, ensuring easy access and cost-effective use by healthcare providers and patients.
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Published online: February 27, 2023
Accepted: February 15, 2023
Received in revised form: February 15, 2023
Received: September 29, 2022
Publication stageIn Press Journal Pre-Proof
© 2023 Published by Elsevier Inc.